How to Start Poultry Farming Business – Chicken Farming Business Plan For Beginners
If you are interested in being a poultry farmer, you must want to know how to start a poultry farming business for beginners, this article tell you the chicken farming business plan which could be helpful for you.
Why to Start Poultry Farming Business Plan
A Poultry farming business can be called one of the most lucrative in the world if it is managed properly. The poultry farmers now we have are not enough that’s why chicken farming business has become so much profitable. It has become the finest opportunity of making a good amount of money in a short period of time. This article will focus on the process of poultry farming, the process of poultry from small farm and how to make it a big one.
1. Fast Reproduction and Large in Numbers
A healthy layer chicken almost lays an egg every day or 4 eggs in a week sometimes it lays 7 eggs in a week too, these all depends on the quality of your birds. Some birds can lay 325 eggs in a year. And it takes 21 days to hatch. Technically this means that a layer chicken is able to produce another layer twice in three days. So, if you have 500 healthy California white birds they are capable of giving you 12,000 chicks within 40 days.
2. A Fast Growth Rate
The most interesting thing about the poultry is its high growth rate. It takes about 21 days when the eggs are hatched. After their birth it takes about 27 to 28 weeks when they are fully ready for the market. That means a poultry farmer starts earning his income in just 31 weeks after he has successfully started his poultry farming business. According to the calculation he will be able to double his income in a year. However there are some uncertainties in this business, mortality and diseases are some of them but it can be reduced by taking proper managements and vaccination.
3. Sales at a Very Profitable Price
The market price of a bird is not so low you can a good profit from it. The price of a fully grown healthy chicken is about 10 to 11 dollar in the market. So if you are the one who produce 12,000 chickens in 40 days in his farm, you obviously are making 120,000 dollar when they are sold completely.
4. The Egg Market is Also Large
The poultry egg market is also good and very profitable. With the meat business, the poultry eggs are another source of good profit. You can earn about 2 to 3 dollar for each crate of smaller eggs and 3-4 for bigger one. Every crate has 30 eggs. So if you have 500 layers in your farm and they lays 12,000 eggs in a month and if you want to sell all of them then you are making 1,500 dollar per month.
Now you can see poultry farming business is a very easy way to make a good profit. But the question is how to start your poultry farming business plan?
Before Starting Your Poultry Farming Business Plan
Before you start your chicken farm business, you have to make a poultry farming business plan, it is very important for all types of business. A business plan is like a road map which tells you where you are going with your business. A business plan will tell you at which point you are now in your business. Your poultry farming business plan should include the following points.
1. Select The Type of Poultry Bird
The first step of starting a poultry business is the selection of bird type. Here you will choose the type of birds is that layer chicken or broiler. You can choose any of them it totally up to you. There are some other types of birds that you can bring in your consideration. They are the duck, goose, turkey etc.
2. Select The Cage Type of Your Poultry
Another important factor consider before baking the final plan of your chicken farm is to select the chicken cage type and size. Maybe you are thinking that, this is not that much necessary to think before starting the business, but believe it actually is. Estimating over your cost over the chicken cages will affect both positively and negatively on your entire poultry business plan. So go through the cage type on our website and choose the best type of cages you need.
3. Sort out The Area of Interest
You can’t start poultry business without a goal. You have to choose a path where you want to flow your business. This will concentrate your focus in one point and will ensure higher level of professionalism but if you want to work with two areas then no problem. Here are some niches of poultry farming.
- Layer Chicken Breeding: These are mainly used for egg production.
- Broiler Breeding: It is used for chicken meat production.
- Hatchery: Is for hatching new chicks.
- Poultry feed: It produce feeds for other poultry farms.
You can choose any of them. You can choose breed layer and broiler together if you want to.
4. Specify Poultry Location
Another important sector of poultry farming is choosing the location where you will set up for your business. It has a direct impact with the start up cost. My preferable place for a poultry farm is a rural area with a road nearby. This will reduce your cost of land and labor. When you start your poultry farming business you may not want to spend all of your money for a land in urban area. There are some other difficulties in urban area with poultry farming. Govt. will not allow you to make a farm in a residential area for health issue. So it is better to select a perfect land for your business in a rural area.
5. Investment Capital
After you have specified your location now you know how much capital you are required to start your chicken farming business plan. Write down all of your capital you need and manage the source where to get manage it.
Like every business the bigger your business plan the bigger you have to invest. You have to decide how much capital you can afford for this business.
Poultry Farming Business Plan – How to Get Going?
You have all of your business plans ready but if you don’t apply it then all are useless. We consider you have your capital ready if you have that then start for the next steps.
Step 1: Buy The Land
Like we suggested you earlier you have to choose a land which is a remote place from city. But remember don’t choose any place which is too far from the city and which don’t have any well transportation system.
Step 2: Build The Required Structure
A good housing system is very important for your poultry farming business. A good housing system not only save your chickens from danger but also increase your profit in poultry business. Every poultry housing systems are classified according to the management system, scale and the use. The common types of poultry housing systems used are
- Half litter
- Deep litter
Step 3: Buy Cages
Purchasing chicken cages is a very important part of the business as many of the affecting factors directly depends on the size, orientation, strength and layout of the chicken cage. Make proper measurements and analyze your poultry size and budget before buying the chicken cage. Here are the available chicken cages we offer – layer chicken cage (battery cage), baby chick cage, broiler cage, commercial quail cages and commercial rabbit cages, etc. Hightop Poultry Equipment is one of the leading chicken cage and poultry farm equipment manufacturer in China, contact us now to get the free layout design according to your chicken house and birds quantity.
We have got another article in this blog describing the usage and utility of each of the cage types and surely that will help you to choose the best fit of your poultry.
Step 4: Buy Birds/Chicks
It is perfect decision to choose day old chick to start your poultry business. Before you buy these chicks find a reliable Hatchery where you can get healthy chicks. It will not cost you too much.
Step 5: Other Items and Accessories You Need
There are some other poultry cage accessories like drinkers, feeders, Parches, crates, nests, lighting system, egg incubator, waste disposal system, etc.
You have to consider these costs too. And as an eventual part of plan, we also provide you the best poultry farm equipment like – Automatic egg collector, automatic feeding system, automatic manure removal machine, disinfectant fogging machine and cooling system, etc. in a very affordable price and top quality.
Challenges in Poultry Business Startup
Poultry farming is one of the most profitable business in these days. But you have to know the risk of this business. Though there are no businesses which are beyond risk and challenges.
1. Lack of Government Support
From our previous experiences we all may think that govt. will help us at our critical time in this business. But don’t be sure about it. Prepare yourself that govt. will not help when you need them. Think that you have to run your business alone without the help of any one. Take a backup for sudden loss. It may help you to run your business properly and if you get help from the govt. think that it is a bonus.
2. A Very High Starting Capital
It is said money is everything. So without a proper funding you will not be able to run your business. Like other business, poultry farming business also needs proper funding. Without it you may not be able to add extra facilities which will increase your production rate.
You need proper funding to purchase land, poultry farm equipment, food for your chick and you need to pay your labor. In all sector you need a good capital. So you should do a research on your cost and capital you have then you should start your poultry farm business. We can provide you the poultry cage and chicken farm equipment with good price, help you to save money.
3. Disease Out Breaking
A dirty environment in your firm will invite many diseases and infections. Poultry are very sensitive to the environmental changes. If the poultry farm is not taken care of properly the birds will easily be exposed to different kinds of bacteria. You have to keep your poultry farm clean as much as possible. Automatic manure cleaning system, disinfectant fogging machine and ventilating system can help you.
You must not bring any contaminated equipment, footwear or even vehicles. Also do not allow any visitors in your poultry farm environment.
4. Other Influencing Factors
There are some other factors that can affect your poultry farming business like proper vaccination. You have to be able to afford it may become difficult for you if you are a small scale poultry farmer. So the thing you have to do is gather some other farmers like you and buy the vaccine.
Another challenge in poultry farming is the high cost of poultry food. So it is seen that most of the farmers who have a little capital, economize or ration the food. It affects the profit in a large scale.
Want to buy chicken cage and poultry farm equipment to start your own poultry farming business? Please feel free to contact us.